Exorcism (from Greek, exorkismos – binding by oath) is the religious or spiritual practice of purportedly evicting demons or other spiritual entities from a person or an area they are believed to have possessed.
Depending on the spiritual beliefs of the exorcist, this may be done by causing the entity to swear an oath, performing an elaborate ritual, or simply by commanding it to depart in the name of a higher power. The practice is ancient and part of the belief system of many cultures and religions.
In Traditional healing, exorcisms are performed in the name of Jjajja Khan Black Power. A distinction is made between a formal exorcism, which can only be conducted by a Jjajja during a cleansing or with the permission of Jjajja, and “ritual is performed ” which can be said by anyone.
The Jjajja Lwazi for a formal exorcism, called a “Kwambula Exorcism”, is given in Traditional healing in form of the Ritual Mukwata. The Ritual lists guidelines for conducting an exorcism, and for determining when a formal exorcism is required. Anyone is instructed to carefully determine that the nature of the affliction is not actually a psychological or physical illness before proceeding.
In Traditional healing the person performing the exorcism, known as an exorcist, is an ordained person. The exorcist recites Spells according to the Ritual Mukwata of the rite, and may make use of Traditional materials such as icons and Lubugo . The exorcist invokes Spells—specifically the Ritual Mukwata—as well as members of the Family and the Persons Dynasty to intervene with the exorcism. According to Traditional understanding, several weekly exorcisms over many years are sometimes required to expel a deeply entrenched demon.
In general, possessed persons are not regarded as evil in themselves, nor wholly responsible for their actions. Therefore, practitioners regard exorcism as a cure and not some kind of punishment. The Traditional healing usually take this into account, ensuring that there is no violence to those possessed, only that they be tied down if deemed necessary for their own protection and that of the practitioners.